### Malayalam Math Puzzle with Answer

"Budhi Undel Utharam Parayu...

Greece ile George rajavu, Helen enna pandithanu oru
sammanam nalkan theerumanichu.

Ethu divasamanu Helen kottaram sandarshikkunnathu aa
thiyathikku thulyamaya gram swarna mothiram nalkum.

16 am thiyathi aanu kottarathil varunnathenkil 16 gram ulla swarnamothiram nalkum.

Rajavu Otto enna thattane vilippichu.

Oru gram muthal 31 gram vareyulla 31 mothirangal undakkan rajavu Ottoyodu paranju.

Pakshe 5 mothirangal mathramanu Otto undakkikoduthathu. Helen enna pandithan ethu divasam kottarathil vannalum adhehathinu sammanamayi nalkan ee anchu mothirangal mathiyayirunnu.

Aa 5 mothirangalude bhaarangal ethra gram veetham aayirunnu."

1, 2, 4, 8, 16

Explanation
If he comes in 1st, king will give 1 gram ring
If he comes in 2nd, king will give 2 grams ring
If he comes in 3rd, he will give 1 gram ring + 2 grams ring
If he comes in 4th, he will give 4 grams ring
If he comes in 5th, he will give 1 gram ring + 4 grams ring
If he comes in 6th, he will give 2 grams ring + 4 grams ring
Likeweise... If he comes in 30th, he will give 1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + 16 gram rings.